Adaptive Resource Balancing for Serviceability Maximization in Fog Radio Access Networks
Serviceability is the ability of a network to serve user equipments (UEs) within desired requirements (e.g., throughput, delay, and packet loss). High serviceability is considered as one of the key foundational criteria towards a successful fog radio access infrastructure satisfying the Internet of Things paradigm in the 5G era. In this paper, we propose an adaptive resource balancing (ARB) scheme for serviceability maximization in fog radio access networks wherein the resource block (RB) utilization among remote radio heads (RRHs) are balanced using the backpressure algorithm with respect to a time-varying network topology issued by potential RRH mobilities. The optimal UE selection for service migration from a high-RB-utilization RRH to its neighboring low- RB-utilization RRHs is determined by the Hungarian method to minimize RB occupation after moving the service. Analytical results reveal that the proposed ARB scheme provides substantial gains compared to the standalone capacity-aware, max-rate, and cache-aware UE association approaches in terms of serviceability, availability, and throughput.
Fog radio access network, mobile remote radio head, resource balancing, serviceability maximization, Hungarian method, backpressure algorithm.