Maximum Likelihood Decision Fusion for Weapon Classification in Wireless Acoustic Sensor Networks
Gunshot acoustic analysis is a field with many practical applications, but due to the multitude of factors involved in the generation of the acoustic signature of firearms, it is not a trivial task. The main problem arises with the strong spatial dependence shown by the recorded waveforms evenwhen dealingwith the same weapon. However, this can be lessen by using a spatially diverse receiver such as a wireless acoustic sensor network. In this work, we address multichannel acoustic weapon classification using spatial information and a novel decision fusion rule based on it. We propose a fusion rule based on maximum likelihood estimation that takes advantage of diverse classifier ensembles to improve upon classic decision fusion techniques. Classifier diversity comes from a spatial segmentation that is performed locally at each node. The same segmentation is also used to improve the accuracy of the local classification by means of a divide and conquer approach.
Decision fusion, gunshots, multi-channel classification, wireless acoustic sensor networks.