Design and Fabrication of Fine-Pitch Pixelated-Addressed Micro-LED Arrays on Printed Circuit Board for Display and Communication Applications
In this paper, we report the design and fabrication of fine-pitch and pixelated-addressed micro-light-emitting diode (LED) arrays with emission wavelengths of red (R), green (G), blue (B), and infrared (IR). The arrays have a resolution of 8*8 with monochromatic LED chips directly bonded to custom-designed printed circuit boards to form a pixelated matrix. R, G, B, and IR micro-LED arrays with a pixel pitch of 1 mm were demonstrated. Sequential row scanning and multiple columns programming is performed by two CMOS-based application specific integrated circuit chips providing constant-sinking current and forward voltage for each pixel of the micro-LED arrays. The uniformity of operating current and forward voltage of the micro-LED pixels was measured with a 1.94Percent coefficient of variation. The micro-LED pixel has much shorter rising time and higher response frequency than those of regular packaged blue and white LEDs. The implemented R-G-B micro-LED arrays are the excellent candidate for high-definition fine-pitch LED displays and demonstrated its versatile functionalities such as visible light communications. The IR micro-LED arrays show great potential in health medical treatment, IR detection imaging and local positioning system.
Micro-LED arrays, pixelated-addressed, display and communication.