Big Data Analytics and Mining for Effective Visualization and Trends Forecasting of Crime Data
Big Data Analytics (BDA) is a systematic approach for analyzing and identifying different patterns, relations and trends within a large volume of data. In this paper we apply BDA to criminal data where exploratory data analysis is conducted for visualization and trends prediction. Several state-of-the-art data mining and deep learning techniques are used. Following statistical analysis and visualization, some interesting facts and patterns are discovered from criminal data in San Francisco, Chicago and Philadelphia. The predictive results show that the Prophet model and Keras stateful LSTM perform better than neural network models, where the optimal size of the training data is found to be three years. These promising outcomes will benefit for police departments and law enforcement organisations to better understand crime issues and provide insights that will enable them to track activities, predict the likelihood of incidents, effectively deploy resources and optimize the decision making process.
Big Data Analytics (BDA), Data Mining, Data Visualization, Neur al Networ k, Time Series For ecasting