A Hierarchical Image Matting Model for Blood Vessel Segmentation in Fundus Images
In this paper, a hierarchical image matting model is proposed to extract blood vessels from fundus images. More specifically, a hierarchical strategy is integrated into the image matting model for blood vessel segmentation. Normally the matting models require a user specified trimap, which separates the input image into three regions: the foreground, background and unknown regions. However, creating a user specified trimap is laborious for vessel segmentation tasks. In this paper, we propose a method that first generates trimap automatically by utilizing region features of blood vessels, then applies a hierarchical image matting model to extract the vessel pixels from the unknown regions. The proposed method has low calculation time and outperforms many other state-of-art supervised and unsupervised methods. It achieves a vessel segmentation accuracy of 96.0%, 95.7% and 95.1% in an average time of 10.72s, 15.74s and 50.71s on images from three publicly available fundus image datasets DRIVE, STARE, and CHASE DB1, respectively.
Image matting, hierarchical strategy, fundus, trimap, region features, segmentation, vessel.