Local Binary Patterns and Extreme Learning Machine for Hyperspectral Imagery Classification
â??It is of great interest in exploiting texture information for classification of hyperspectral imagery (HSI) at high spatial resolution. In this paper, a classification paradigm to exploit rich texture information of HSI is proposed. The proposed framework employs local binary patterns (LBPs) to extract local image features, such as edges, corners, and spots. Two levels of fusion (i.e., feature-level fusion and decision-level fusion) are applied to the extracted LBP features along with global Gabor features and original spectral features, where feature-level fusion involves concatenation of multiple features before the pattern classification process while decision-level fusion performs on probability outputs of each individual classification pipeline and soft-decision fusion rule is adopted to merge results from the classifier ensemble. Moreover, the efficient extreme learning machine with a very simple structure is employed as the classifier. Experimental results on several HSI data sets demonstrate that the proposed framework is superior to some traditional alternatives.
Decision fusion, extreme learning machine (ELM), Gabor filter, hyperspectral imagery (HSI), local binary patterns (LBPs), pattern classification