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Automatic Accident Detection and Reporting Framework for Two Wheelers


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Abstract


Technology must work for human race and improve the way help reaches a person in distress in the shortest possible time. In a developing nation like India, with the advancement in the transportation technology and rise in the total number of vehicles, road accidents are increasing at an alarming rate. If an accident occurs, the victim's survival rate increases when you give immediate medical assistance. You can give medical assistance to an accident victim only when you know the exact location of the accident. This paper presents an inexpensive but intelligent framework that can identify and report an accident for two-wheelers. This paper targets two-wheelers because the mortality ratio is highest in two-wheeler accidents in India. This framework includes a microcontroller-based low-cost Accident Detection Unit (ADU) that contains a GPS positioning system and a GSM modem to sense and generate accidental events to a centralized server. The ADU calculates acceleration along with ground clearance of the vehicle to identify the accidental situation. On detecting an accident, ADU sends accident detection parameters, GPS coordinates, and the current time to the Accident Detection Server (ADS). ADS maintain information on the movement of the vehicle according to the historical data, current data, and the rules that you configure in the system. If an accident occurs, ADS notifies the emergency services and the preconfigured mobile numbers for the vehicle that contains this unit

KeyWords
accident detection GPS GSM GPRS accident monitoring



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