Online Incremental Machine Learning Platform for Big Data-Driven Smart Traffic Management
The technological landscape of intelligent transport systems (ITS) has been radically transformed by the emergence of the big data streams generated by the Internet of Things (IoT), smart sensors, surveillance feeds, social media, as well as growing infrastructure needs. It is timely and pertinent that ITS harness the potential of an artificial intelligence (AI) to develop the big data-driven smart traffic management solutions for effective decision-making. The existing AI techniques that function in isolation exhibit clear limitations in developing a comprehensive platform due to the dynamicity of big data streams, highfrequency unlabeled data generation from the heterogeneous data sources, and volatility of traffic conditions. In this paper, we propose an expansive smart traffic management platform (STMP) based on the unsupervised online incremental machine learning, deep learning, and deep reinforcement learning to address these limitations. The STMP integrates the heterogeneous big data streams, such as the IoT, smart sensors, and social media, to detect concept drifts, distinguish between the recurrent and non-recurrent traffic events, and impact propagation, traffic flow forecasting, commuter sentiment analysis, and optimized traffic control decisions. The platform is successfully demonstrated on 190 million records of smart sensor network traffic data generated by 545,851 commuters and corresponding social media data on the arterial road network of Victoria, Australia.
Smart traffic management, concept drift, unsupervised incremental learning, deep learning, deep reinforcement learning, impact propagation, traffic optimization, traffic forecasting, traffic control, social media analytics.