The e-learning community has been producing and using video content for a long time, and in the last years,
the advent of MOOCs greatly relied on video recordings of teacher courses. Video annotations are information
pieces that can be anchored in the temporality of the video so as to sustain various processes ranging from
active reading to rich media editing. In this position paper we study how video annotations can be used in
an e-learning context - especially MOOCs - from the triple point of view of pedagogical processes, current
technical platforms functionalities, and current challenges. Our analysis is that there is still plenty of room for
leveraging video annotations in MOOCs beyond simple active reading, namely live annotation, performance
annotation and annotation for assignment; and that new developments are needed to accompany this evolution.
E-learning, MOOCs, Video Annotation, Pedagogical Processes.