Evaluating classification and feature selection techniques for honeybee subspecies identification using wing images
The main pollinator commercially available, i.e.Apis mellifera, is now facing a severe population decrease worldwide due to the so-called Colony Collapse Disorder. Measures to preserve this species are urgent. Honeybees inhabit several different environments, from swamps to deserts, from high mountains to the African savannah. They are classified into several different subspecies, each one adapted to a particular set of environmental characteristics. The identification of subspecies is based on morphometric fea-tures from the entire bee body, but in the last years features from the fore wings have proven to be very efficient for classification. Several methods have been developed to perform the automatic classification through images of bee wings, and geometric morphometrics has been reported to achieve good results in terms of consumed time and reliability of the results. However, there has been no study evaluating the impact of feature selection and new classification methods on the identification performance. We here evaluate seven combinations of feature selectors and classifiers by their hit ratio with real bee wing images. Feature selection proved to be beneficial to all the evaluated combinations and the Naive Bayes classifier combined with a correlation-based feature selector achieved the best results. These conclusions can benefit researches that rely on classification by geometric morphometrics features, both for bees and for other animal species.
honey bee,geometric ,Feature extraction,Classifiers